CROGHAN, a village, in the parish of KILLUKEN, barony of BOYLE, county of ROSCOMMON, and province of CONNAUGHT, 4 miles (N. by W.) from Elphin, on the road to Boyle.
It is an improving village, containing about 20 houses and cabins, the property of Guy Lloyd, Esq.
Drugget, frieze, and flannel are manufactured here*; petty sessions are held every Tuesday, and fairs on the Wednesday after Trinity-Sunday and the 28th of October, for fat cattle, for which the October fair is considered to be one of the largest in this district.
Here is a constabulary police station, and a dispensary; and a loan fund was established by Mr. Lloyd, in 1833, with a capital of £500.
In the village is the R. C. parochial chapel, a spacious and well-built structure; and in the immediate vicinity is Croghan House, the handsome residence of Guy Lloyd, Esq., who has effected considerable improvements in the neighbourhood.
Although this was not a major Linen-producing area, you may find an ancestor's name on the Flax-growers List of 1796, see http://www.failteromhat.com/flax/roscommon.htm
* Drugget = a fabric woven wholly or partly of wool, formerly used for clothing. (A heavy felted fabric of wool or wool and cotton, used as a floor covering). Frieze = a coarse, shaggy woolen cloth with an uncut nap. Flannel = A soft woven cloth of wool or a blend of wool and cotton, used for trousers and underclothing.
For more information about Croghan's District Court 'Petty Sessions' and to check out if your ancestor appears on record there, see http://www.findmypast.ie/articles/world-records/full-list-of-the-irish-family-history-records/institutions-and-organisations/petty-sessions-order-books-1842-1913
To read more about Croghan Dispensary (est.1826) check out: http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/search/results?basicsearch=croghan%20dispensary